If corn were to be wiped from the face of the earth by a maniacal pathogen, we Bahamians would be lost for breakfast. On just about every restaurant menu throughout the archipelago, one can find ‘boiled fish’, ‘stewed fish’, ‘corned beef’, ‘tuna’, and ‘steamed sausage,’ all traditionally served with grits.

My taste buds go crazy for buttery grits paired with boiled fish or tuna salad, accentuated by the flavorful combination of lime, goat pepper and savory onions. Nothing feels more like a warm hug for the tummy, than steamy grits topped with golden pools of melted butter.

Now if grits are not your thing, surely you would slather the golden goodness on hot Johnny Cake. Before we continue this mouth-watering discourse, I need to make sure you are thinking of what I am actually talking about. I do mean butter.

Margarine isn’t Butter!

You know, the product of churned cow’s milk. Just like disposal diapers, dishwashing liquid and laundry detergent which we culturally assign the popular brand name as their moniker, we tend to refer to all butter-like substances as ‘butter’. For most of my childhood, butter was the pale-yellow, rectangular block that was wrapped in paper; or the large tub-version that was spreadable.

Even though these products were labeled as ‘margarine’ or ‘vegetable oil spread,’ in my mind, it was ‘butter.’ I did not really appreciate the difference until adulthood.

Margarine was invented in France in the late nineteenth century in response to Napoleon III ‘s challenge to provide a cheap butter substitute for his troops and peasant workers during the Franco-Prussian war. A French chemist rose to the challenge and developed the first ‘margarine’ by churning beef tallow with milk. Margarine experienced a number of iterations over its lifetime. In the early 1900’s, the limited

availability of beef tallow resulted in an innovation of using vegetable oils after the process of hydrogenation was discovered. Hydrogenation allowed seed-expressed oils that are liquid at room temperature, to solidify and resemble the original margarine. Margarine is naturally white in color, so adding dyes so that it more closely resembled butter became a practice that was banned in some countries.

Clever manufacturers got around this restriction by selling a separate packet of food colouring with the white margarine that the consumer would then knead into the spread.

The Process

The process of hydrogenation was a boon for the food science industry. Making vegetable oils solid at room temperature, more shelf stable and with a pleasant taste and texture made them the perfect, cheap replacement for butter in commercial baked goods, snack foods and fast foods.

Enter the war on fat in the 80’s to curb the tide of heart disease in America, vegetable shortening, and spreads were touted as the ‘healthier’ alternative to butter and animal fats. What we did not know at the time, was that the process of hydrogenation produced dangerous trans fatty acids. Consuming trans fats increases the harmful cholesterol (LDL) and decreases the good cholesterol (HDL).

This increases your risks of heart disease and stroke. Consuming trans fats also increases one’s risks of developing Type 2 diabetes. Research in the 1990s which unveiled the harmful effects of artificial trans fats in our diet led to the US Food and Drug Administration stating in 2015 that partially hydrogenated oils (the major source of trans fats) could no longer be generally recognized as safe (GRAS)’. Fast forward to 2020, and the use of partially hydrogenated oils in food products is ‘banned’ in the US, even though they can legally contain a half a gram of trans fats per serving.

My Personal Philosophy

My personal study over the last three years into how food affects our health has led me to turn to nut and seed ‘milks.’ I wanted to protect my children from premature puberty and to control the growth of my own uterine fibroids. I have to say, choosing soy milk was the easy part.

Total elimination of dairy products like butter and cheese, however, is near impossible. I really do enjoy butter, especially now that I have perfected sourdough bread-making. I have made peace with butter because the alternative is far too harmful.

To reduce consumption of trans fats, avoid packaged foods with ‘partially hydrogenated oil’ in the list of ingredients. Avoid using seed or vegetable oils for cooking. Heating soybean, vegetable, corn or canola oils also produces trans fats. Healthier choices for cooking are olive oil, avocado oil and coconut oil.

Now back to our beloved Boiled Fish and grits, with Johnny Cake. Knowing what I know now, when ordering tuna-and-grits at a breakfast spot, I ask if it is served with butter or margarine. I don’t take for granted that what they claim is ‘butter,’ is really ‘butter.’ Butter and margarine are not created equal, and I will not gamble my health on the differences.

About One Eleuthera Foundation

Founded in 2012, One Eleuthera Foundation is a community-based non-profit organization dedicated to transforming our local island communities into thriving, self-sufficient ecosystems. We do this by focusing on five key areas: economic ownership, meaningful educational advancement, pathways to wellness, and environmentally sustainable communities centered around our island’s unique cultural identity. We run a number of social enterprises, including CTI, our vocational school; the Retreat Hotel, a training hotel for hospitality students; and our farm and Cooling House, which trains future farmers in the best sustainability and food production practices. Through OEF’s consistent dedicated efforts, the tenacity and resourcefulness of our legacy community, and the support of donors and partners, we are creating change in Eleuthera.

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